The European Union aims to become climate-neutral by 2050. Each Member State is required to develop measures and take actions that leads to an economy with net-zero greenhouse gas emissions, meaning the total carbon emissions of various sectors are less than the amount of carbon sequestered by the forestry and land use sector.
The share of the Estonian defence and security sector is about 3.5% of national GDP. The sector manages a large share of the country’s infrastructure, vehicles and equipment, which also allows to expect a large environmental footprint. In order to contribute in achieving the greenhouse gas emissions reduction target, it is first necessary to determine the environmental impact of the defence and security sector, i.e. the current magnitude of its environmental footprint, and develop measures that will bring the best positive outcome.
- To develop a structure for data gathering and storing
- To map the current environmental footprint of the Estonian defence and security sector, more precisely the administrations of the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of the Interior
- To propose mitigation measures that take into account not only the environmental aspects but also ensure national security
- Develop analysis and monitoring models to enable relevant authorities to monitor changes in their environmental footprint over time, and to make more effective strategic decisions and establish guidelines, e.g. organising green public procurements.
The study is conducted in cooperation between SEI Tallinn and the International Centre for Defence and Security.