It also recognised the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment suggestion that agreements with the greatest impact on biodiversity are often in fields other than the environment, such as economics and politics, emphasising the importance of exploring the links between economic activities such as the import of goods and services and overseas biodiversity loss. In doing so, this methodology provided UK policy makers with a resource to allow critical analysis of current and future import streams against likely biodiversity impacts – a key step in fulfilling the UK’s commitment to EU and The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) biodiversity targets to 2020 and beyond.

This project was funded by UK Defra and the work was carried out by a research consortium involving staff at SEI-York, the Environment Department at the University of York and William Sheate from Collingwood Environmental Planning.