Although migration has always been used to cope with the impacts of Desertification, Land Degradation, and Drought (DLDD), in its forced forms it can contribute to further socio-economic and environmental vulnerabilities. In order to relieve the effects land degradation has on migration, State parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification commissioned a study from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), who worked in partnership with SEI, on “the role that the measures taken to implement to UNCCD Convention can play in addressing desertification, land degradation and drought as one of the drivers of migration.”
After an analysis of the complex interrelations between DLDD and migration, the report reviews good practices from Asia, Africa and Latin America. Although sustainable land management and land rehabilitation strategies that can avert and minimize forced migration take many varied forms depending on the local context, those that are most successful share the following aims:
Interventions that are usually best able to achieve these aims concurrently present the following characteristics:
The report concludes with a focus on policy recommendations targeted at UNCCD Parties and other relevant stakeholders.
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