Throughout 2018, the Talanoa Dialogue will prompt countries to take stock of their progress towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and map a more ambitious pathway forward.

This brief focuses on how fossil fuel production fits into that process, using the three guiding questions of the Talanoa Dialogue: Where are we? Where do we want to go? and How do we get there?

In answering these questions, the authors explain the rationale for considering fossil fuel supply under the Talanoa Dialogue, and highlight available policy options that address this vital piece of the climate puzzle. We also outline concrete steps that Parties and bodies of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) can take to ensure that fossil fuel production is addressed as part of an ambitious and holistic post-Paris climate strategy.