A group of negotiators holding their hands up in triumph at the Paris Climate Change Conference, November 2015.
The Paris Agreement has a goal to keep warming “well below” 2 degrees Celsius, but it does not explicitly address fossil fuel production. Photo credit: UNclimatechange / Flickr

Reducing fossil fuel supply is necessary to meet the Paris Agreement goal to keep warming “well below” 2 degrees Celsius. Yet, the Paris Agreement is silent on the topic of fossil fuels.

This paper outlines reasons why it is important that Parties to the Agreement find ways to more explicitly address the phasing out of fossil fuel production under the UNFCCC. We describe how countries aiming to keep fossil fuel supply in line with Paris goals could articulate and report their actions within the current architecture of the Agreement. We also outline specific mechanisms of the Paris Agreement through which issues related to the curtailment of fossil fuel supply can be addressed.

Mapping out a transition away from fossil fuels – and facilitating this transition under the auspices of the UNFCCC – can enhance the ambition and effectiveness of national and international climate mitigation efforts.

An updated version of this working paper has been published in Climate Policy.

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Download the working paper (PDF, 1 MB)

Read the policy brief based on this paper