In May 2013, the Arctic Council summit in Kiruna, Sweden adopted a Vision for the Arctic that emphasised how predictable rules and continued cooperation between Arctic states would spur economic development, trade and investment. With an empirical focus on how Arctic national strategies and Arctic Council documents discuss “security” and “sustainable development”, this chapter scrutinizes the political discussions at the time.

The chapter summarises the development as an attempt to create a safe operating space for business – a nod to the idea that political ambitions relating to environmental change should focus on ensuring safe operating space for humanity,

This and the other chapters in the book Competing Arctic Futures: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives are the result of the Mistra-funded project Assessing Arctic Futures: Voices, Resources and Governance.