Action by national governments is crucial for achieving sustainable, economically productive urban development.

A bustling night view of Dubai's skyscrapers and roads
A bustling night view of Dubai’s skyscrapers and roads. Photo: Stefano / Flickr

This report provides an overview of policy options available to national governments, as well as guidance on how to design national urban policies around low-carbon, inclusive, sustainable development goals. It clarifies the critical role of national governments in driving successful urban development and provides a framework for designing low carbon national urban policies appropriate to different national contexts.

The authors outline key considerations, including budgetary impacts, administrative burdens, technical capacity requirements, impacts on local government budgets and capacities, coordination challenges, and equity concerns. The “right” set of measures will depend on a country’s particular national circumstances.

This report comes from the Coalition for Urban Transitions , and was authored by the Stockholm Environment Institute and funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies.