The resources that U.S. industry can bring to bear – including finances, technical knowledge, research capacity and workforce skills – make it potentially a global leader for industrial decarbonization. Pioneering policy approaches, technical advances and demonstration projects in the U.S. could help enable industrial transitions throughout the world.

Realizing this vision will require collaborative efforts between the U.S. public and private sectors. In several countries, such public-private partnerships are already taking shape.

This brief explores four important carbon-intensive industries in the U.S. – cement, iron and steel, aluminum, and chemicals – and discusses the key U.S. policy and governance considerations for achieving their decarbonization.