One of the key elements of the Paris Agreement is its “enhanced transparency framework”, set out in Article 13. Transparency of action and support is of crucial importance for the functioning of the Paris Agreement, as it can: help build trust and confidence among Parties; foster shared understandings by clarifying the information underlying Parties’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs); help mobilize domestic support for stronger climate action and further support; improve efficacy of action through enhanced learning; and hold Parties accountable for implementing their actions and maintaining and increasing their levels of ambition.

On the basis of the author’s analysis, the paper identifies several areas where the Paris Agreement has left gaps in building a comprehensive and coherent transparency system, and offer recommendations.

Download the paper (external link to PDF on ECBI, 366kb)

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