The countries at the helm of the fight against climate change are also some of the biggest fossil fuel producers. Countries like Norway, the UK and Canada produce and export fossil fuels while simultaneously committing to combat climate change.
Under international agreements, countries are responsible for the greenhouse gas emissions produced within their own territories, and not for the emissions caused by the burning of oil, gas and coal they produce and export to other parts of the world.
However, to stay within the goal of the Paris Climate Accord, the world needs to cut fossil fuel production by around 6% per year between 202–2030. SEI scientist, Ploy Achakulwisut, warns “We just can’t afford to burn the majority of existing fossil fuel reserves in order to stay below 1.5 degrees Celsius.”