Previously, Matthew worked on projects in India, Ethiopia, Uganda and Nigeria that looked at intra-household resource allocation norms and intra versus inter-group trust levels at the community and regional level. More recently, at the Stockholm Resilience Centre, he used behavioural games to explore the role of communication and information in the management of common pool resource dilemmas and broader environmental governance issues.

Matthew graduated from the University of East Anglia (UK) with a PhD in International Development, where his research looked at the post-conflict reconciliation process of communities recovering from civil war in northern Uganda.