Lumber.  Photo: / OliverChilds Getty

National transitions to bioeconomy should become an integral part of an overall sustainability transition. This requires improvements in both consumption and production, in order to avoid excessive pressure on bioresources as bioeconomy transitions take hold.

In order to reduce its reliance on fossil fuels and implement its bioeconomy strategy, the European Union will need to increase its imports of biomass. In doing so, it must avoid worsening sustainability problems in supplier countries.

This policy paper presents some initial evidence, as well as evidence gaps, on synergies and trade-offs across different policy areas, sectors and regions related to bioeconomy development in the EU. It provides initial guiding principles for the implementation of the EU bioeconomy strategy and solutions in a global development context, inviting further dialogue between science, policy and practice