GEO-4 took on the challenge of integrating environment and development, with particular attention paid to the linkages between environmental state and human well-being. These linkages were assessed in the context of targets identified by the World Commission on Sustainable Development (Brundtland Commission), the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and other international environmental declarations and agreements.

GEO-4 showed that while some progress had been made, real progress towards sustainable development has been slow. GEO-4 calls for action in dealing with persistent environmental problems that undermine human well-being and development by moving the environment from the periphery to the core of decision making.

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Further details on all GEO reports see UN GEO website