An aging society and a changing climate are two key policy challenges that need to be addressed to meet the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and ensure a safe, secure, equitable, and sustainable future. By the end of the century, the global surface temperature is likely to increase by 1.5 °C to 2 °C although the 2015 Paris Agreement aims to reduce emissions and limit warming to below 2 °C. As the planet warms, we can expect climate-related extremes, such as heat waves, droughts, floods, cyclones, and wildfires. Increasing climate variability will have direct and indirect effects on human health and well-being, especially of vulnerable groups. While many older people are healthy and socially and economically active, others are not, rendering them physically, financially and/or emotionally less resilient in coping with a changing climate.

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