The Anthropocene has profound implications for humanity that we are only beginning to fully comprehend. It is now known that society needs to be viewed as part of the biosphere, not separate from it. Depending on the collective actions of humanity, future conditions could be either beneficial for or hostile to human wellbeing in the Anthropocene. This article explores how to respond to such change in a sustainable manner.

The authors discuss the following themes: climate change, biodiversity loss, inequality, global sustainability, science and technological innovation. These interconnected issues illustrate how people and nature are deeply intertwined.

The authors stress that prosperity and wellbeing for present and future generations will require initiatives that understand human actions as part of nature.