Two trends shape current water resources planning and decision-making: reliance on stakeholder evaluation processes, and growing recognition that some evaluation options may not be appropriate. These trends pose questions regarding the role of information, analysis and expertise in this social and political context.

How do we discover the best options in the face of uncertainty? Does a best option even exist?

The authors of this paper explore early classical writing as captured by Plato and Aristotle to create a new approach to water resources planning and decision-making.