This chapter examines how rule development on REDD+ under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has increasingly sought to address biodiversity concerns through a system of biodiversity-related safeguards. The chapter illustrates how, in the absence of detailed rules agreed at the international level, rules developed at the national and transnational levels will play an important part in ensuring REDD+ contributes to, rather than undermines, biodiversity protection.

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