Energy subsidies are usually established by national or sub-national governments, yet they raise important questions for international trade, climate change, energy security, and economic development. As such, they fall under the remit of several international organizations, which can be said to constitute an energy subsidy regime complex.

As more and more IGOs have become active on the issue, the regime complex has expanded in recent years, creating interesting horizontal (i.e., between IGOs) and vertical (i.e., IGO-state) interactions. The international governance of energy subsidies has hitherto only received scant attention in the literature.

Two of the articles in this special issue have SEI co-authors:

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