Disasters and climate change are not natural phenomena; they are induced and exacerbated by human activities under different environmental, social, economic, and cultural contexts.
Social inequality is a key driver of exposure and vulnerability. It leads to unequal distribution of benefits and costs of economic processes, disasters, and climate change impacts, as well as disaster risk reduction and climate resilience measures. Marginalized groups who do not equally benefit from economic development face higher levels of risk and vulnerability.
It is therefore essential to put gender equality and rights-based approaches at the forefront of improving disaster risk reduction and climate resilience efforts.
Course 1: FIRE: Integrating Rights and Equality in disaster risk reduction and climate resilience
Human rights and gender equality are core principles reflected in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, as well as other frameworks that make up the post-2015 development agenda, including the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals, yet they are rarely addressed jointly.
The Framework for Integrating Rights and Equality (FIRE), consisting of six dimensions, offers an approach to integrating both human rights and gender equality in disaster risk reduction and climate resilience. It is intended as a guiding framework for decision-makers at national, sub-national and local levels to use in the development and implementation of laws, policies, procedures, and practices related to disaster risk reduction and climate resilience.
This e-learning course provides an overview of FIRE and its six dimensions and offers insights into how rights and equality can be better considered in disaster risk reduction and climate resilience efforts.
Course 2: Gender in disaster risk reduction
Women, girls, boys, men and persons with non-binary gender identities, of various backgrounds and abilities all have different roles, responsibilities, capacities and access to resources. All these factors influence how hazards affect them, as well as how they recover and move on after disasters.
Mainstreaming gender in disaster risk reduction saves lives. It allows for women, girls, boys, men and persons with non-binary gender identities to have the best chance of preparing for, surviving, and recovering from disasters. It also strengthens the resilience of communities and is a key element to climate change adaptation and mitigation. This is why it is a cornerstone of the all-of-society approach set out in the Sendai Framework, and why goal 5 of the SDGs (on gender equality) is crucial for meeting the other goals.
This e-learning course explores practical ways for ensuring gender-equal and socially inclusive disaster risk reduction.
These e-learning courses have been developed under the Building Resilience through Inclusive and Climate-adaptive Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia-Pacific (BRDR) Programme and are the result of a collaboration between the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, Stockholm Environment Institute, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, and Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, supported by Sida.