Freight transport of forest biomass and products amount to around 25% of the transport work on Swedish roads, with timber being the most important flow. To meet Sweden’s climate goals, fossil-fuel-free solutions are needed for this category of heavy trucks. This feasibility study compares and assesses some of the most important and innovative alternative measures to reach fossil-fuel-free transportation: replacing fossil fuels with biofuels, electrification, and automated trucks as a new systems solution.

The project aims to recommend which new systems and combinations of techniques should be tested in concrete demonstration projects to increase the pace of the forest sector’s conversion to fossil-free transport. Stakeholders in the Swedish forestry industry take centre stage as does analysis of the feasibility of different solutions given the specific conditions and needs of the industry. An assessment of three types of flows of goods is conducted based on detailed transport data, for example on routes transporting timber between terminals and industries.

The project will deliver assessment of the potential to reduce CO2 emissions with the different technologies, and provides detailed assessments of cost, as well as socio-technical barriers and opportunities. A technology-neutral, interdisciplinary approach involving industry actors and researchers of different backgrounds is applied. The gaol is to understand the feasibility of different combinations of technologies and conclude which of these that later should be evaluated in-depth in demonstration projects, for example within the Triple F project (Fossil Free Freight).

Funder: Trafikverket: Skogsindustrierna

Partners: Skogforsk; Einride; SCA, BillerudKorsnäs; Södra; Sveaskog

From left: Björn Nykvist (SEI), Karolina Boholm (Skogforsk) and Björn Gidlund (Skogsindustrierna). Photo: Johan Marklund