Two women farming in a drought-stricken field.
Women farming in Nicaragua. Photo: ONE DROP / Flickr .

The author explores the role that particular socioeconomic and environmental issues have played in recent decades in gender differentiation. The analysis examines how this differentiation affects people’s capacity to reduce vulnerability through coping with and adapting to more frequent droughts and increasingly dry climate.

Rainfall is becoming less frequent in Nicaragua, which, combined with rising temperatures, is leading to drought. Why do women and men respond and adapt differently to these conditions?

The author’s earlier research on social-ecological interactions is developed to give a richer appreciation of gender-differentiated vulnerability. In so doing, this article also contributes to the underexplored field of historical research on gendered adaptations.

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