AWM interventions aim to enhance farmer outputs and benefits, whilst avoiding undermining the resource base of land, water and ecosystem services. Evidence shows that AWM interventions have increased yields, which has helped areas with low productivity. At the same time, there are numerous examples where the same interventions have led to undesired changes, such as the depletion of groundwater levels, reductions in stream flows, diminished aquatic and terrestrial biodiversity, and/or increased social inequities.
This policy brief argues that monitoring and evaluation need to be integrated into AWM investments to create the capacity to manage, in particular, undesired and unexpected impacts.
Although there are no ‘blueprints’ for indicators or thresholds for AWM interventions, there are emerging generic themes of social, economic, and environmental indicators that can guide the development of a locally relevant set of M&E indicators.
Download the policy brief (PDF, 673kb)