The fact that energy efficiency could contribute to climate and other social policy objectives is an added advantage. The Government of Uganda has taken several initiatives to promote energy efficiency within the industrial sector since the mid-2000s, following a power crisis. However, although targeted interventions delivered demonstrable gains, efforts to institutionalize industrial energy efficiency are still a challenge.
In this article, institutional theory and the political economy approach are used to explore why institutionalization has been difficult to achieve in Uganda. The article pays attention to the underlying political and economic processes to observe the factors that contribute to the non-institutionalized status. It argues the need to build a robust regulatory framework with a deliberate intent to broaden consensus around a shared understanding of the trade-offs and benefits associated with energy efficiency.