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Can county-level energy planning give a stronger voice to end-users? Insights from Migori County in Kenya

This policy brief, based on an SEI Working Paper, explores avenues for citizen participation in county-level energy planning, and places them in the context of household energy consumption patterns and stated needs.

Oliver Johnson, Anne Nyambane / Published on 16 February 2016

Johnson, O. and Nyambane, A. (2016). Can County-Level Energy Planning Give a Stronger Voice to End-Users? Insights from Migori County in Kenya. Policy brief. Stockholm Environment Institute.

Kenya’s new effort to devolve responsibility for energy planning to the county level, which is still taking shape, provides a timely opportunity to support county governments in developing a framework for ensuring meaningful citizen participation in energy planning. This can only be achieved, however, if concerted efforts are made to ensure wide, deep and meaningful participation.

Before county governments can start to plan, energy consumption patterns in the county must be understood. This will inform the planning process and ensure that the most pertinent issues are being addressed. In Migori County, survey data show that dependence on kerosene for lighting and on fuelwood for cooking are the most pressing issues for households.

Citizens are willing and eager to engage in energy planning, and there are many existing avenues for engaging with them, which could reduce the cost and effort required. For example, existing women’s and youth groups have experience educating their peers, building capacity and organizing activities/ events to effect change.


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