This chapter in the Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy and Natural Resources analyses whether the Energy Union, as a policy package, constitutes a coherent whole and whether its distinct components are being pursued in a coordinated manner. The authors use a simple policy-analytical framework in which the policy components are juxtaposed in a screening matrix. The interactions between the Energy Union policy components are assessed according to a novel typology for understanding interactions and coherence in the 2030 Agenda, with policy interactions ranging on a scale from “cancelling” to “indivisible”.
The assessment shows that the interactions are often complex and sometimes vary depending on the timeframe. The authors identify two key hotspots: the relationships between energy security and energy efficiency, and between energy security and decarbonization.
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