The three Baltic States are in the stage of changing their municipal waste management systems since they have to comply with the principles and targets of the European Union waste policy and directives. Over the past years, thermal treatment of municipal waste has been discussed more intensely in these countries as an option that could help to reach the legal targets in a relatively short time.

In general, the Baltic States have similar socio-economic characteristics, waste and energy sector developments and geographical conditions that form similar frameworks for the development of a waste management infrastructure, including possible waste-to-energy options. However, as experience from recent studies and projects shows, there are several local and regional factors that could significantly influence the economic success of large scale waste incineration.

The article examines technical, economic and environmental issues relevant to the Baltic States, presenting those issues in the form of an illustrative case study based on the design and performance data of the first waste-to-energy facility in Estonia.

Read the article (external link to book website)