Terraced rice paddies, Vietnam.  Photo: std / Getty Images.

In 2016, Vietnam ratified the Paris Agreement and submitted its nationally determined contribution (NDC) towards the implementation of the agreement. It adopted the national Plan for Implementation of the Paris Agreement in the same year. A National Action Plan for the Implementation of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda was endorsed by the Prime Minister’s Office in 2017.

A key objective of the brief is to explore interlinkages between Vietnam’s climate action framework and its commitments under the 2030 Agenda to identify potential opportunities and challenges for joint implementation of the two agendas domestically. It also seeks to identify overlaps between the two, to help avoid duplicated work in implementation. Finally, it examines the role of NGOs working at the nexus of the two agendas in Vietnam. It was originally drafted to inform the voluntary national report of progress on implementing the 2030 Agenda, at the 2018 High-Level Political Forum in New York.