The objective of this research was to undertake a comprehensive, systematic analysis of the scientific literature on coastal hazards to identify the factors contributing to hazard vulnerability, determine the relationships between them, and to review recommendations for vulnerability reduction. The synthesis includes research findings from Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

This work highlights the need for a multi-scaled and multi-disciplined research approach that addresses the gaps between field-based case studies, larger-scale vulnerability assessments, conceptual frameworks and theory, and the implications for policy and practice.