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SEI brief

Swedish policy positions and perspectives on CBAM

This brief examines Swedish policy options and perspectives in relation to the EU’s proposed Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism.

Maricruz Bravo Gallegos, Harro van Asselt, Timothy Suljada / Published on 10 February 2022
Download  Read the brief / PDF / 596 KB

Bravo Gallegos, M., van Asselt, H. and Suljada, T. (2022). Swedish policy positions and perspectives on CBAM. SEI discussion brief.

The European Commission’s proposal for a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) puts forward a policy measure to prevent carbon leakage from domestic energy-intensive and trade-exposed industries by leveling production costs of European and international markets. The pilot phase of the CBAM is expected to come into force in 2023. In the meantime, consultation and feedback will take place through which stakeholders have an opportunity to influence and improve the design of the CBAM.

From the perspective of Swedish climate ambitions and industry competitiveness, the authors put forward four important elements that will define the Swedish policy position on the CBAM proposal:

  1. the phase-out of free allowances,
  2. the exclusion of exports from its coverage,
  3. the scope of emissions covered, and
  4. crediting third countries’ climate policies.

This discussion brief explores how the CBAM proposal deals with these issues, the various options identified in the current policy debate, and Swedish stakeholders’ views on them.


Read the brief / PDF / 596 KB

SEI authors

Maricruz Bravo Gallegos

Profile picture of Harro van Asselt
Harro van Asselt

SEI Affiliated Researcher


Timothy Suljada high res
Timothy Suljada

Head of Division: Resources, Rights and Development

SEI Headquarters

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