The industrialized world has traditionally constituted the “frontline” in the global battle against climate change. Unfortunately, despite some limited accomplishments, it has been largely unsuccessful. However, since 2009, a diverse group of developing states such as China, Brazil, Ethiopia, and Costa Rica has been advancing unprecedented pledges to mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions, offering new, unexpected signs of climate leadership. Some scholars have gone so far as to argue that their targets are now even more ambitious than those put forward by their wealthier counterparts. But what really lies behind these new pledges? What actions are being taken to meet them? And what stumbling blocks lie in the way of their realization?

In this book, an international group of scholars seeks to address these questions by analyzing the experiences of twelve states from across Asia, the Americas, and Africa. The authors map the evolution of climate policies in each country and examine the diverse array of actors, interests, institutions, and ideas that has shaped their approaches.

This particular chapter explores the gradual emergence of various strands of climate policy within India over the last decade, and explains the diverse array of actors, institutions and ideas that has been influential. It describes the way in which domestic interests and norms have conditioned India’s response to the international negotiations under the UNFCCC, as well as the way India’s global aspirations have catalyzed domestic policies that are of relevance to climate change.

Given that India is home to more than a billion people and a rapidly growing economy, its approach to dealing with climate change will have important implications not only for Indians themselves but also for the rest of the world.

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