Chinese imports of Brazilian soy are linked to the deforestation of 223,000 hectares between 2013 and 2017, according to new research of production chains by monitoring project Trase.

Trase combined data on production, buying patterns and deforestation to calculate China’s “deforestation risk”. The percentage risk is calculated by multiplying total soy-related deforestation in producing areas by the share of that soy output that China buys. Trase calculated that Chinese buyers are exposed to an 8% risk of deforestation-linked soy.