Providing safe and sustainable sanitation in emergency camps is a huge challenge, considering the needs for quick response, socio-cultural diversity of the affected population and the shifting nature of the camps over time. An often neglected but critical area for sustainability is the natural resource management. Many widely implemented sanitation solutions are potentially producing unfavorable impacts on the natural resource base, e.g. high drinking water consumption and contaminated discharge of wastewater to surface and groundwater.
The main components of the project, developed in collaboration with the Swedish Red Cross, will be developing, describing and comparing different resource-oriented sanitation technology-chains for emergency camps.
These technology chains will cover all desirable functions along the entire sanitation value chain. When these technical components are aggregated the service level and the functionality of the system will increase, which also can contribute to the provision of additional benefits (e.g. public health, water- food- and energy securities, and job creation).
There will also be a sequential dimension in this evaluation to ensure the sanitation development can respond to the changing nature of the emergency camp, covering the transition from rapid emergency response and into more permanent solutions.
Key tasks/deliverables are:
- Organising a workshop to showcase and analyse a diverse set of technology-chains
- Developing quantitative and qualitative descriptions for selected technology-chains, and
- Elaboration of PowerPoint and a guidance report (that should function as supporting documents for capacity building of Red Cross staff with water and sanitation profiles).