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CASCADESCAScading Climate risks: towards ADaptive and resilient European Societies – is analysing the channels through which climate change impacts outside Europe might cascade into Europe, significantly altering Europe’s risk exposure both today and in the future. It is also supporting the design of a coherent European policy framework to address these risks.

Active project


Project contact

Chris West /

CASCADES researchers are examining a range of topics to help understand how climate impacts can cascade through particular sectors.

Risk overview: To understand climate impacts, it is crucial to identify vulnerabilities and causal pathways that interact and lead to second- or third-order impacts, in the short, medium and long-term.
Trade: Trade systems are major conveyors of climate risks, transmitting pressures on prices of key commodities (such as food and energy) and services and also being subject to intermittent collapse and interruptions by climate impacts.
Foreign policy, security and development: Climate impacts outside Europe are likely to affect European foreign, security and development policy through their effect on livelihoods, water, food and energy systems, security and diplomatic relations in countries with close ties to the EU and its member states
Finance: Climate change is already having huge impacts on investor portfolios and financial flows around the world. The interconnected nature of the economy and of the financial sector will continue to amplify climate risks.
European resilience: The CASCADES project will develop a multilevel governance framework to describe and support actions within Europe that build resilience to cascading climate impacts

Project website

You will find the latest updates such as blog posts, publications and events.


2023 Roadshow of Research and Policy Results

Cascading climate impacts and risk responses in Europe

Climate adaptation, transboundary water management, and political stability in the Middle East

  • 25 – 26 May
  • Istanbul, Türkiye

Policy implications of Arctic cross-border climate change impacts

  • 30 May
  • University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Cascading and tipping interactions in the climate and social systems

  • 13 – 14 June
  • University Of Graz, Graz, Austria

Cascades: resilience to climate risks that cross borders

  • 26 June
  • Chatham House, London, UK

How can Sweden respond to cascading climate risk?

  • 12 September
  • Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden

Enhancing European financing for adaptation to cascading climate risks

  • 25 September
  • European Centre for Development Policy Management, Brussels, Belgium

Cross-border climate change impacts and systemic risks in Europe and beyond

  • 16 – 18 October
  • Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany
Katy Harris
Katy Harris

Senior Policy Fellow

SEI Headquarters

Richard J.T. Klein
Richard J. T. Klein

Team Leader: International Climate Risk and Adaptation; Senior Research Fellow

SEI Headquarters

Sara Talebian
Sara Talebian

Research Associate

SEI Headquarters

Profile picture of Magnus Benzie
Magnus Benzie

Senior Research Fellow

SEI Oxford

Ana Calvo
Ana Calvo

Communications Associate


SEI Headquarters

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