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Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology (HYBRIT) is a groundbreaking effort to reduce CO2 emissions and de-carbonise the steel industry. The goal is to have a solution for fossil-free steel by 2035.

Inactive project


Project contact

Olle Olsson

Illustration of hydrogen steel process

Illustration credit: SSAB.

HYBRIT – short for Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology – is a joint venture between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall, aiming to replace coal with hydrogen in the steelmaking process. A successful HYBRIT means reducing Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7%.

In collaboration with Lund University, SEI explores opportunities and risks in the wider policy context where the HYBRIT development takes place, including analysis of enabling and restricting factors in the Swedish and EU governance.

The research is part of a Swedish Energy Agency supported programme researching technical and institutional aspects of the HYBRIT initiative.

Project team

Aaron Maltais
Aaron Maltais

Senior Research Fellow

SEI Headquarters

Bjorn Nyqvist
Björn Nykvist

Team Leader: Energy and Industry Transitions; Senior Research Fellow

SEI Headquarters

Kristian Skånberg
Kristian Skånberg

SEI Affiliated Researcher

Nina Weitz
Nina Weitz

Team Leader: Global Goals and Systems; Senior Research Fellow

SEI Headquarters

Topics and subtopics
Climate : Fossil fuels / Economy : Innovation
Related centres
SEI Headquarters

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