The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Agenda 2030 are aspirational, and the need for integration across policy domains is stressed throughout the agenda. The SDGs are also accompanied by a system for follow-up and review centered on indicators intended to enable countries to be accountable.

But some accountability mechanisms can be counterproductive for integrative policies. This paper is centered around the questions of whether and how an accountability regime is compatible with policy integration, conceptually and in the context of the SDGs.

Through review on governance, policy integration and accountability literature, the authors provide an analytical framework for evaluating the potential of emerging accountability regimes for more integrated policymaking and action.