Swedish development aid is focused on supporting poverty alleviation and sustainable development in low-income countries. Agricultural development is one of the most powerful tools for ending extreme poverty, boosting shared prosperity and feeding a projected 9.7 billion people by 2050. Support for agricultural development in the Global South is crucial to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as part of the 2030 Agenda, and in particular SDG 1 on ending poverty and SDG 2 on zero hunger. Sweden has provided aid to the agriculture sector since the 1960s but there have been few overviews of Sweden’s global agriculture support.

This study maps how Swedish aid to agriculture was distributed in the period 2005 to 2020. It identifies existing trends in terms of amounts and target countries, and the character and classification of Swedish aid to agriculture, as well as whether such trends follow international development and agricultural aid support trends.

The study focuses on five research questions:

  • Have Swedish aid flows to agriculture changed in the period 2005–2020?
  • What types of agricultural projects, programmes or interventions have been funded and did this change between 2005 and 2020?
  • To what extent is Swedish aid to agriculture explicit in Swedish development assistance goals and has there been any change over time between 2005 and 2020?
  • To what extent is aid to agriculture integrated into and reported under other aid categories? How do Swedish trends in aid to agriculture compare with trends in international aid to agriculture?