Scientists have developed various concepts, guidelines and frameworks on the key factors that governments must consider while implementing the SDGs. As part of this process, researchers have noted significant gaps applicable to SDG implementation. They have recommended the development of new tools that help to identify and quantify SDG target interactions as well as monitoring mechanisms to ensure global sustainability.

This paper argues that the research gaps can be addressed by applying the Analytic Network Process (ANP), a multi-criteria analytical technique. The authors demonstrate how to adopt the ANP in practice so that it captures all SDG target interactions at once. The research illustrates that the application of a combination of different analytical methods improves the overall quality of policy advice.