Sustainable consumption has a strong momentum within Swedish municipalities, where several policies and initiatives are underway which attend to this issue. Swedish municipalities working actively with sustainable consumption show the breadth of actions that can already be taken.

But despite often being described as a country with a strong environmental performance record, Sweden has not yet managed to substantially reduce the harmful environmental impacts associated with consumption. Swedish consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions are still at a high level, even though they have decreased somewhat in recent years.

With greater opportunities for collaboration, pooling of resources, and sharing of tools their impacts can be amplified. Further government actions at all levels will be necessary to shape discourses and norms, and to provide the incentives and infrastructure for sustainable consumption.