By looking at past and current ‘politics of scale’, the article discusses what is realistic to expect from pan-Arctic environmental governance, and how the emerging global and regional geopolitics may affect the environmental domain. When the current political cooperation started in the Arctic in the 1990s, the environment was an area of ‘low politics’ suitable for new cooperative ventures – then between the East and West. Since then, global environmental governance has become ‘high politics’ and is increasingly linked to resource politics and global markets. This development is likely to also affect the Arctic.

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