Why was it important to include action on short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) and air pollution benefits from climate change action in their country’s updated NDC? What process was followed in the NDC update? And what are the next steps in making the clearly articulated objectives on SLCPs and air pollution benefits in their NDC a reality?
These are the questions representatives from Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico and Uruguay will share their experience on during this Latin America and the Caribbean Climate Week 2021 event, organized by the Climate and Clean Air Coalition and co-hosted by SEI.
In 2019, 6.6 million premature deaths were attributable to air pollution exposure. In 2020, in many locations, air quality improved due to the measures put in place to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. However, we are already seeing air pollution levels increasing, which highlights the need for implementing actions that can sustainably reduce air pollution emissions.
There is a large opportunity to sustainably improve air quality through climate change mitigation actions. Over 1 million premature deaths could be avoided annually, if actions are taken globally to limit global temperature increases to ‘well below 2°C’.
Air pollutants share many of the same sources as greenhouse gases (GHG), and therefore many actions that target major GHG sources also reduce air pollutants. A subset of pollutants, called Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs), including black carbon, and methane, also directly contribute to air pollution and its health impacts, and to global temperature increases.
For these health benefits to be realized, they need to be prioritised and reflected in countries’ climate change commitments (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs). In 2015, only a few countries included SLCP mitigation, or air pollution benefits from climate change mitigation actions in their NDCs. As countries are now updating their NDCs, that is changing, and countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are leading the way.
In 2020, five countries in Latin America and the Caribbean: Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and Mexico, submitted updated NDCs, that increase their climate change mitigation ambition, and include targets, actions and activities that focus on achieving local air quality benefits and meeting international climate change commitments.
How to register
Register for the Latin America and Caribbean Climate Week 2021 to access this webinar using the link below. Registration grants access to all events during the week.
3:00-3:05pm Welcoming remarks
Daniel Buss, Air Quality and Health Advisor, Department of Communicable Diseases and Environmental Determinants of Health, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
Dra. Graciela Binimelis de Raga, Professor at the Atmosphere Sciences, Atmosphere Science Centre; National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)
John Henry Melos Pineda, General Coordinator – NDC Update, Directorate of Climate Change and Risk Management, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development
3:20-3:25pm Costa Rica
Patricia Campos Mesén, Deputy Director, Climate Change Directorate, Ministry of Environment and Energy
Luis Gerardo Ruiz Suarez, General Coordinator of Pollution and Environmental Health, National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC)
3:30-3:35pm Dominican Republic
Emely Rodriguez, Mitigation Analyst, Mitigation Department, National Council for Climate Change and Clean Development Mechanism
Quím. Pablo Fernández Mantero, Monitoring of Environmental Components – Environmental Quality Division, Ministry of Environment
3:40-4:00pm Q&A and closing remarks
Daniel Buss, Air Quality and Health Advisor, PAHO