Africa has the second fastest growing economy in the world, and more than half of global population growth between now and 2050 is expected to occur in Africa. Sustaining this growth without a large increase in problems associated with air pollution and climate emissions will depend heavily on whether policy makers in the region adopt and implement cost-effective solutions to air pollution and climate change. Africa is considered particularly vulnerable to climate change due to high levels of poverty, vulnerable water resources and dependency on rain-fed agricultural production.
In 2019, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) and United Nations Environment Programme launched its scientific assessment on climate and clean air for Africa which aims to:
SEI was involved in producing previous assessments in Latin America and the Caribbean and Asia Pacific and through its York and Africa centres, is one of the coordinating institutions for the Africa Assessment. Others are the African Union (AU), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC).
This project will develop and apply a scientifically robust and policy-relevant framework to identify and assess priority measures that maximize the multiple-benefits for air quality and climate.
The coexistence of air pollution and climate change in Africa poses a significant threat and one that requires a joint mitigation approach. Africa has a heightened susceptibility to the impacts of climate change, with the existing state of affairs indicating that over 1 million individuals perish prematurely each year due to air pollution inside the continent. The Integrated Assessment of Air Pollution and Climate Change for Sustainable Development in Africa presents pathways in support of Africa’s transformative development.
African scientists and SEI undertook this assessment, which emphasizes the potential for African leaders to act quickly in five crucial areas: transportation, residential, energy, agriculture, and waste.
The assessment is made up of five distinct but closely linked chapters.
The overall objective of the Africa Assessment is to establish a scientifically robust and policy-relevant framework to identify and assess priority measures that maximize the multiple-benefits for air quality and climate. The entry point to the assessment will be ‘development pathways for Africa and their air quality and climate consequences’. The assessment will support the further development of a community of practice in the countries of the region, increasing the capability of practitioners to further develop national action in the context of development priorities.
The Africa Assessment will empower local partners and implementers to define a frame for the continent-wide assessment that is most politically relevant to the region. It will provide a list of priority measures and recommendations and the multiple-benefits of their implementation, and follow on activities.
The key outcomes of the assessment are to:
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