The Stockholm Environment Institute is leading a new partnership bringing together African and European researchers, practitioners and community members interested in air pollution in low-resource settings in sub-Saharan Africa.
The AIR (Action for Interdisciplinary Air Pollution Research) Network has been awarded £169,000 by the Medical Research Council (MRC) and Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Global Challenges Research Fund Partnership Award, and is being led by Dr Patrick Büker, Senior Researcher at SEI’s York centre.
Air pollution is a major health concern around the world, with particulate matter (PM) being one of the main pollutants of concern. PM consists of solid and liquid particles of different sizes – the smallest with particle sizes of 2.5 microns or less in diameter is classified as PM2.5 – that are produced in many ways, including burning fossil fuels and biomass. Every breath a person takes contains PM and once inhaled, it is known that PM can cause ill health. In Africa alone, PM2.5 causes thousands of premature deaths annually. As well as reducing life expectancy, it lowers the quality of life through respiratory and cardiovascular diseases often leading to a reduction in the resilience and productivity of people. Levels of this air pollutant are particularly high in informal settlements (sometimes referred to as slums), both outdoor and indoor: outdoor due to the settlements often being located near to industrial areas, busy and dusty roads, and sites of litter burning, and indoor due to cooking, lighting and heating with low-quality fuels in badly ventilated huts.
Attempts to improve air pollution and reduce people’s exposure to it have been introduced in Nairobi’s informal settlements in recent years, including awareness raising campaigns. However, significant positive effects on people’s health have not yet been reported. The AIR Network will explore new approaches, bringing together researchers from different disciplines and people who live and work in the informal settlements to discuss the issues, raise awareness and consider potential solutions. These solutions will integrate scientific, non-scientific and societal understanding and knowledge to ensure relevance and impact.
Dr Büker said “We are really excited about the prospect of working with such a mixture of disciplines and backgrounds. Our ultimate aim is to co-create sustainable and culturally relevant interventions to reduce PM emissions and people’s exposure to it, so there is real potential for this Network to have huge impact on people’s lives in the region”.
The network comprises 15 partners from a wide range of disciplines they will use a mixture of methods to engage and communicate, including theatre, visual arts, mobile phones, games, story-telling and music. The network will identify a future programme of work in order for it to continue in the long term.
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