Skip navigation

also available in Estonian

Gas decarbonization pathways for Estonia

Estonia’s gas sector heavily relies on imported fossil gas (natural gas). Gas imported from Latvia, Lithuania and Russia is used in various sectors across the country, including industry, residential and power. In the current situation, domestic fossil gas alternatives like biogas and biomethane only serve a small portion of the electricity generation and transport sector.

Active project


Alternative energy with biotechnology, facility for bio energy production, Germany

Facility for bioenergy production. Photo: manfredxy / iStock / Getty Images.

The study will analyse the future use of alternative gases (hydrogen, biomethane, etc.) in the system and the conditions for common quality standards. It will also account for the possible contribution of the joint gas market in Estonia towards its decarbonization.

This study will provide the Department for Energy of the Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications (MEAC) and DG Reform with the necessary recommendations to achieve the main outcome of the development of a new legislative framework adopted for decarbonizing the Estonian gas market by 2050.

As part of this study, a climate-neutral pathway modelling, socio-economic impact assessment, risk analysis and the development of a policy action plan will be carried out. This will provide structured, comprehensive recommendations that will assist MEAC in improving its capacity to design, develop and implement the necessary reforms to achieve a fully climate-neutral gas market by 2050.

Project partners

Project funding

This project is carried out with funding from the European Union via the Structural Reform Support Programme and in cooperation with the Directorate General for Structural Reform Support of the European Commission.

SEI project team

Gowtham Muthukumaran

Expert (Climate and Energy Programme)

SEI Tallinn

Javad Keypour

Expert (Climate and Energy Programme)

SEI Tallinn

Blaine Lowry

Expert (Climate and Energy Programme)

SEI Tallinn

Lauri Tammiste

Centre Director

SEI Tallinn

Design and development by Soapbox.