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Synthesis of multiple knowledge sources on the impacts of mining

As mining in the Arctic increases, there is an urgent need to assess social and environmental impacts as well as mitigate negative impacts. This project will develop a multiple evidence base methodology combining systematic review approaches with mapping of indigenous and local knowledge (ILK), applying this approach in a case study of the impacts of base metal mining.

Active project


Systematic reviews are ‘gold standard’ summaries of research evidence, but cannot include other forms of knowledge, e.g. ILK. Theoretical frameworks for synthesizing multiple evidence bases have been proposed but see limited practical application.

This project develops a co-synthesis methodology to concurrently map research evidence and ILK. It will assess available knowledge on the impacts of base metal mining in boreal and arctic regions and the effects of mitigation measures in Sweden.

In spite of an increase in mining, evidence of impacts on social-ecological systems is patchy: there has been no review of impacts on Sami lands for example. Similarly, evidence on the direct and indirect effects of mitigation measures is disparate and spread across disciplines. This issue is therefore well-suited to a multiple evidence base approach to provide an enhanced knowledge base for decision-making.

This project will produce an interactive knowledge map, displaying the type and volume of evidence, highlighting knowledge gaps and clusters, and suggesting topics warranting further research or management.

Project team

Rasmus Kløcker Larsen
Rasmus Kløcker Larsen

Team Leader: Rights and Equity

SEI Headquarters

Laura Del Duca
Laura Del Duca

Research Associate

SEI Headquarters

Design and development by Soapbox.