The study applies the CSM to the Brazilian soybean supply chain to China, EU, France, and the rest of the world. It then quantifies the damage to biodiversity and effects on water scarcity footprints.
The authors find that different markets show distinct sourcing patterns specific to their own soybean supply chain, which results in distinct impacts on land and water. The EU experiences the lowest potential biodiversity damage but the largest water scarcity footprint when compared to the average impact scores obtained from Brazilian soybean production data.
Overall, examining the CSM represents a viable way for practitioners to obtain more region-specific quantitative information on supply chains.