In Burmi Tola hamlet, seasonal flooding adds to the already serious pollution and health risks associated with open defecation. Many simple dry sanitation systems, including soak-pit latrines, the only type of sanitation previously tried in the community, break down or overflow during flooding.

In order to reduce costs and build local ownership, the project supported professional construction of flood-proofed raised toilet substructures, while households built the superstructure according to their means and preferences. This approach, supported with long-term follow-up, successfully built acceptance, and toilets were built for most households in Burmi Tola as well as some in nearby communities.

This was a pilot project under a three-year action-research project carried out collaboratively by SEI and the WASH Institute, India, with funding from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).

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