Skip navigation
Journal article

Idiosyncratic responses of Amazonian birds to primary forest disturbance

This article examines the responses of 44 different bird species to forest disturbances in two regions in the eastern Brazilian Amazon.

Toby Gardner / Published on 17 November 2015

Read the paper  Closed access


Moura, N.G., A.C. Lees, A. Aleixo, J. Barlow, E. Berenguer, J. Ferreira, R. Mac Nally, J.R. Thomson, and T.A. Gardner (2015). Idiosyncratic responses of Amazonian birds to primary forest disturbance. Oecologia, online 13 November 2015.

As humans continue to alter tropical landscapes across the world, it is important to understand what environmental factors help determine the persistence of biodiversity in modified ecosystems. Studies on well-known taxonomic groups can offer critical insights as to the fate of biodiversity in these modified systems.

This study investigated species-specific responses of 44 forest-associated bird species with different behavioural traits to forest disturbance in 171 transects distributed across 31 landscapes in two regions of the eastern Brazilian Amazon. The authors investigated patterns of species occurrence in primary forests varyingly disturbed by selective-logging and fire and examined the relative importance of local, landscape and historical environmental variables in determining species occurrences.

Within undisturbed and disturbed primary forest transects, they found that distance to forest edge and the biomass of large trees were the most important predictors driving the occurrence of individual species. However, they also found considerable variation in species responses to different environmental variables as well as inter-regional variation in the responses of the same species to the same environmental variables.

The authors advocate the utility of using species-level analyses to complement community-wide responses in order to uncover highly variable and species-specific responses to environmental change that remain so poorly understood.

Read the article (external link to journal)

Read the paper

Closed access

SEI author

Toby Gardner
Toby Gardner

Senior Research Fellow

SEI Headquarters

Read the paper
10.1007/s00442-015-3495-z Closed access
Topics and subtopics
Land : Forests, Ecosystems

Design and development by Soapbox.