This paper examines the investments in agricultural water and related irrigation and drainage infrastructure over the past decade between 2010 and 2019. It also highlights the innovations and opportunities that lie on the horizon in the coming decade for climate change and emerging technologies. Finally, it gives close attention to how agricultural water investments connect to ecosystems.

Better governance can potentially lead to improved water productivity, climate resilience and equity. Good agricultural water management means using water in a way that provides crops and animals the amount of water they need, enhances productivity and conserves natural resources for the benefit of downstream users and ecosystem services. This paper seeks to understand how IFI investments in agricultural water are achieving these objectives and where future priorities may lie.