Pig farming is an important industry in the Baltic Sea Region, but questions have been raised about its role in development and the environmental and health impacts associated with different types of farming practices. This study examines pig farming in the Neman/Nemunas river basin, which includes parts of Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland and Kaliningrad, Russia, allowing for comparisons between EU members and non-members.

The analysis focuses on the potential for innovative governance approaches to improve nutrient management and reduce pollution from this sector. The authors also explore the policy implications of the increasing dominance of large-scale operations that extend across national boundaries, the roles of both foreign and domestic investment, and the importance of household pig farming to food security.

This paper is based on case studies in Belarus and Kaliningrad funded by the Swedish Institute, and a case study in Lithuania conducted as part of the Baltic COMPASS project.

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