The four countries operate in diverse material and ideological contexts, and differ in their respective contributions to the climate problem.

They may for the time being be partners, in climate diplomacy and in economic relations, but they are also competitors in the quest for global markets and for international status.

Both the partnership and competitive aspects of this dynamic give life to the BASIC forum, as a venue both for cooperation and for keeping an eye on one another.

This policy brief is part of SEI’s ‘Emerging Economies and Climate Change’ series, including briefs on the BASIC group, Brazil, South Africa, India, China, and the USA.

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